Risk factors for disease associated with health risk appraisal have strongly sided with concerns for cardiovascular disease and metabolic conditions. Exercise and behavior modifications have focused on prevention of the number one killer of Americans, coronary heart disease along with its precursor’s hypertension, diabetes and hyperlipidemia. Interestingly though, the most feared disease in the United States gets little attention related to preventative behaviors. Cancer is not a single disease but rather a collective group of diseases that all lead to premature death if untreated. Changes at the DNA level account for the difficulty in reversing the process compared to diseases like type II diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension which are very responsive to weight loss, dietary adjustments and exercise. Although some cancers can be managed with dietary strategies and some research supports the positive effects of exercise on outcomes, prevention is still the best strategy.
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