In recent times nutrient deficiencies and the prevalence of many infectious diseases have been significantly reduced. Conversely, the rates of chronic diseases related to poor quality diet and physical inactivity have actually increased. Nearly half of all American adults suffer from one of these types of conditions such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease or obesity. Thankfully, a large body of evidence clearly shows that following a healthy eating pattern (combined with regular physical activity) can greatly reduce the risk of chronic disease throughout all stages of the lifespan. The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans reflects this evidence through its recommendations. The Dietary Guidelines is required under the 1990 National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act, which states that every 5 years the U.S. Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS) and of Agriculture (USDA) must jointly publish a report containing nutritional and dietary guidelines for the general public. It is designed to help all individuals =2 years of age consume a healthy and nutritionally-adequate diet.
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines provides five all-encompassing Guidelines that encourage healthy eating patterns, recognize that individuals will need to make shifts in their food/beverage choices to achieve a healthy pattern, and acknowledge that all segments of our society have a role to play in supporting healthy choices.
Here are the new 5 major Guidelines presented in the executive summary with supporting details:
In conjunction with the above recommendations, Americans of all ages should meet the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans to help promote optimal health and further reduce the risk for chronic disease. The relationship between diet and physical activity contributes to the potential for life-long caloric balance and consequent management of a healthy body weight.