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The consumption of fiber-rich whole grains has been associated with many benefits to better an individual’s health, ranging from a reduction in cholesterol to a lower incidence of cancer.
The figure above shows the percentage of adults aged =18 years who met the aerobic activity and muscle strengthening guidelines, by sex and selected race/ethnicity, in the United States during 2009–2011.
For females, the fifth decade of life is associated with physiological changes that increase health risk. Changes associated with menopause are considered aggravating factors for developing metabolic syndrome.
According to the Department of Biological Psychology at the University of Amsterdam, genetics do play a role in physical activity engagement among adults. According to researchers, large scale twin-family studies show a significant influence of genetic factors on regular exercise behavior.
Many runners and cyclists recognize the important role strength training and flexibility play in maintaining elevated performance and avoiding injury. Surprisingly, an equally high number of runners and cyclists do not engage in adjunct work to support their endurance endeavors. Researchers from Lillehammer University College in Norway analyzed the effect of combining endurance training with heavy or explosive strength training on endurance performance.
Motivation for exercise should be a good thing, but having too much motivation can lend itself to an increased risk for overreaching. Overreaching occurs when the body is put under levels of physical stress that it cannot recover from prior to the next training bout.
In a recently published study, mothers’ weight gain during pregnancy correlated to increased risk for child obesity. Using a sample of 41,133 mothers and their children, researchers found that women who gained large amounts of weight during pregnancy increased the risk of obesity in their offspring through age twelve.
For those individuals who have difficulty getting to the gym with a high level of frequency, new research seems to provide new hope. A study from Queen's University suggests it is the total time of exercise per week that matters more than the number of days exercised per week, when work is equalized. According to the research, adults who accumulated 150 minutes of exercise on a few days of the week were not any less healthy than adults who exercised more frequently throughout the week.