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How much is too much? That is not always a question that we ask ourselves when it comes to exercise. However, recent research made international headlines when it suggested that jogging too much is just as bad for your health as being inactive. This novel study supports prior research linking excessive exercise with health issues. However, what is substantial about the new report in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology is that the investigators were able to identify an “ideal time range” and an “ideal speed” for jogging to improve health.
Consuming certain foods may improve your body’s ability to oxidize fat. An investigative study in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry (January 2015) found that consuming dark-colored grapes - either as whole fruit, juice or wine – drastically hindered fat cell growth and formation, as well as increased fatty acid metabolism in the liver. The researchers were able to isolate a specific compound found in the grapes, ellagic acid, that proved to have the highest impact on fat cell metabolism.
Adequate protein intake is necessary for optimal health for a number of reasons. Dietary protein is used to repair and maintain bodily tissues and organs, support immune functions and promote muscle protein synthesis. This becomes a greater consideration among special populations who have distinct dietary needs, such as older adults. A new study published in the American Journal of Physiology – Endocrinology and Metabolism reflects this notion. The research team investigated the impact of varying amounts of daily protein intake, as well as timing, on net protein synthesis and muscle maintenance among older adults. Appropriate dietary modifications are important for older adults who usually suffer from a myriad of physiological declines; including their muscle-building efficiency. This loss in efficiency is directly associated with age-related sarcopenia (or loss of muscle mass), which can greatly reduce musculoskeletal functionality as well as the ability to remain independent. Maintaining greater muscle mass as we age can significantly contribute to an improved quality of life.
Employers in most fields, including personal training, look for a combination of hard and soft skills in their potential employees. Hard skills include teachable abilities that are easy to quantify and often are the technical aspects of a job. Soft skills differ in that they are subjective abilities that are much harder to quantify such as communication, social interaction and listening. Hard or technical skills are often listed on one’s resume, making it easy for a recruiter to recognize their potential aptitude for a position. Soft skills, or “people skills”, are not usually presented in any position of prominence on a resume even though they may be more valuable. Many employers look for applicants with strong soft skills because they are very hard to train. It is usually much easier to teach a person how to use computer software than to develop a soft skill such as patience or empathy.
A new study published in the Journal of Physiological Anthropology investigated the impact protein and carbohydrate (CHO) intake timing following resistance training on nitrogen balance among trained and untrained men. Ten trained men (mean age, 23?±?4 years) and ten untrained men (mean age, 23?±?1 years) took part in the investigation. All of the subjects repeatedly performed a resistance training bout consisting of bench press, shoulder press, triceps push-down, leg extension, leg press, leg curl, lat pull-down, cable row, and biceps curl exercises.
A new study published in Autoimmunity Reviews by Professor Yehuda Shoenfeld, the Laura Schwarz-Kipp Chair for Research of Autoimmune Diseases at Tel Aviv University's Sackler Faculty of Medicine and Tel Hashomer, Head of Zabludowicz Center for Autoimmune Diseases at Chaim Sheba Medical Center, suggests that obesity is a primary factor behind autoimmune disorders such as Crohn’s disease and multiple sclerosis. Autoimmune diseases, in which the immune system attacks bodily tissues and systems rather than pathogenic invaders, affect 5-20% of the global community. According to this new research, obesity leads to a breakdown of the body's protective self-tolerance; creating an optimal environment for immunological chaos. Furthermore, chronic obesity generates a progressively pro-inflammatory environment that is likely to increase the disease's progression and hinder treatment applications.
Maintaining a positive outlook on life can be quite a task as one enters the common rigors of adult life.The attainment of happiness seems to become a fleeting dream for many who finish college and officially transition into adulthood. “When you’re young, other people orchestrate your enjoyment of life,” notes Barbara Fredrickson, PhD, a social psychologist and director of the Positive Emotions and Psychophysiology Lab at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Depression certainly has a negative impact on mood and daily functioning, but it can also greatly affect exercise adherence and performance among clients seeking personal training services. It is most likely caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental and psychological factors. Any type of depressive illness (e.g., major depression, postpartum depression, seasonal affective disorder, etc.) is a disorder of the brain.